Capo Zafferano is a small promontory surrounded by nature

Capo Zafferano is a small promontory that extends into the Tyrrhenian Sea, belonging to the territory of Santa Flavia in the metropolitan city of Palermo. From it, proceeding towards the west, the Gulf of Palermo begins, on which the Conca d’Oro overlooks.
From Palermo it can be reached by the SS 113 by accessing the road that reaches it, immediately after the junction for Bagheria. In its vicinity there is the town of Solanto famous for the ancient tonnara no longer in business. Behind it is the archaeological site of Solunto.

Belvedere di Capo Zafferano Santa Flavia

View of Capo Zafferano Santa Flavia

History
On the coast of the promontory there are some caves that have restored bony remains of Elephas mnaidriensis together with lithic materials of the upper Paleolithic and ceramic fragments similar to the Culture of Castelluccio.

Il Faro di Capo Zafferano Santa Flavia

The Lighthouse of Capo Zafferano Santa Flavia

Territory

Chief Saffron
From a geological point of view, the promontory represents an offshoot of the Monti di Palermo, resulting from the tectonic overlap of two main domains: the Panormide, calcareous-dolomite Carbonate Platform, and the Imerese Basin, clastic silica. The promontory of Capo Zafferano and the adjoining Monte Catalfano, with a total area of 321.66 hectares, have been declared a Site of Community Interest (S.I.C.), according to the Habitats Directive 92/43 / EEC.

Flora

Along the coastal strip, characterized by reefs subjected to the action of marine aerosol, a phytocoenosis is established characterized by the endemic Limonium bocconei to which several other halophyte entities are associated such as Crithmum maritimum, Lotus cytisoides and Plantago macrorrhiza.
In the sublittoral belt we can see a dominant scrub of Chamaerops humilis, Pistacia lentiscus and Euphorbia dendroides, which sometimes degrades into prairies dominated by Hyparrhenia hirta.
Along the rocky walls, for the most part exposed to the north, a rupicolous vegetation settles among the present species different endemic or phytogeographic species such as Dianthus rupicola, Iberis semperflorens, Asperula rupestris, Centaurea ucriae, Brassica rupestris, Seseli boccone and Lithodora rosmarinifolia.

Fauna
Of particular interest is the malacological contingent of this area, with populations of endemic species such as Chilostoma planospira macrostoma, Pomatias panormitanum, Siciliaria septemplicata and Marmorana globularis and uncommon species of great ecological interest, such as Rupestrella rupestris, Hohenwartiana hohenwarti and Schileykiella parlatoris.